Especially for the youngest learners it’s important to create a routine for the structure of your lesson. This way the children know what to expect and when, and it’s easy for you as you know what to do and when. In this article I’ll show you a basic ESL lesson plan for kindergarten students.
You have to find a routine that works for you. Below you will find an example of what works for me. You can use this for every lesson. All you need to do, is change the theme, activities, songs and games. Mix it up!
First, just like in sports or exercise, do a little warm up together. Let the kids get into the English zone with some movement and songs. Next, spike up their confidence by asking them questions they’ve learned before and by reviewing last lesson. Finally, teach them the new material and play a fun game using this material.
My kindergarten classes are only 20 to 30 minutes. I make sure we flow from one activity into the next one, non-stop, high energy. This way classes are over in no-time.
Lesson Plan Kindergarten
Say hello, good morning / afternoon to the students. Sing a simple hello or good morning song, with or without music.
This usually consists of Total Physical Response (TPR). It’s simple; you say a word and do an action and have the students repeat the word and copy your action. It’s a great way to get the students comfortable with you and get their attention on you. And it’s fun! Find a list of TPR actions right here.
3. Song time
Sing a song together. One the students already know and like. You can choose one yourself, or later on I liked to ask them which one they felt like singing. This gets them into it even more.
Make a couple of rounds where you ask them some basic questions they already learned how to answer. ‘What’s your name?’, ‘How are you?’, ‘How old are you?’, ‘What’s the weather like today?’, ‘What day is it today?’, ‘What color do you like?’, ‘What animal do you like?’. With the littlest ones it’s better to focus on one or two questions each class. For the older ones it’s fine to ask many different ones, so they get used to making small talk.
Review the sentences and words they learned last lesson. Write down the sentence again. Show the students the flashcards and make them come up with the vocab and full sentences. Always play a quick game or activity to finish the reviewing part.
6. New material
Time to teach them the new sentences and words. Read more about how to do this right here.
7. Game time
The students did their best learning and saying the new material, now it’s time to have some fun and use the new words and sentences in a game. It’s a great way to practice what they’ve learned. They are learning, but they don’t even notice, because they’re having so much fun. Find an extensive list of games for younger kids right here.
8. Review the new material
Review is key. Briefly review the new stuff they’ve learned so it really sticks. Give high-fives and praises, let them know they did a great job. Always end the class on a high note. Make sure the children leave happy and upbeat.
Say goodbye to the students, they say it back; ‘Goodbye, teacher’. Sing a goodbye song, with or without music.